Press the sides closed, not the center, to avoid cracking the cane. Tubes: 25mm 15. Tubes: 27mm Pull these three wraps tight and check that the sides of the reed seal and are slipped correctly on both sides. Slightly narrow the sides of the cane at the fold where it will fit over the shaper. Livraison rapide Produits de qualité à petits prix Aliexpress : Achetez malin, vivez mieux If there is a choice, pick a standard shape at first. Different reed balances work better to meet the variety of physical requirements of the players and the demands of the music. Reed Expression 5 Pcs Quality Oboe Reeds US Style (Medium Hard) 4.4 out of 5 stars 4. The general proportions and back-lit silhouette will remain in a similar state, but the main difference of an oboe reed made at low altitude verses one made at high altitude is the amount of cane that needs to be scraped, and where it is scraped. Heart/Plateau length: 7–8mm Over tying can crush the cane and cause response and pitch issues. I use it to control resistance, stability, and flexibility and this area really dictates how hard you have to blow to play the oboe. Get it as soon as Mon, Jan 11. Scraping from the back into the heart allows for more vibration throughout and a richer sound without destabilizing the reed as much as scraping on just the heart can. Some reed makers would continue and finish the reed at this time. Gentle pressure, mostly in the hand holding the reed, is used to flatten the reed tip on the plaque for easier scraping. Leaking (air escaping) Many new knives come without a clear burr. Thin the heart and the back, keeping them smoothly connected. A good reed is responsive, balanced, and stable. If the heart is too thin, it has the effect of making the tip longer. Measure the total length of the reed. Tube Cane Splitters. Smooth over the heart into the tip, careful to not end up making a particularly thin spot or line where the tip meets the heart. Tip length: 2–3mm 2. Bad tone and/or flat pitch alone are not necessarily reasons to clip the tip. Use the guillotine (adjusted to the length of the gouger bed) to cut the straightest lengths. If too much is taken off the heart, the reed can become too vibrant and unfocused. And you should take a look at your reeds when they are both dry and wet since it is easy to over adjust the reed if it is over soaked. With an older, well-used knife this may take awhile. How do I crow the reed? Generally look for harder cane with tight, small grains (vascular bundles) for more easily successful reeds. I feel that thinking in terms of questions is always a helpful tool in evaluating and making oboe reeds. Shapes vary in width affecting the pitch and tone. Soak tube cane in warm water for approximately 15 minutes or longer (some oboists also gouge cane dry fro more precision but that more readily dulls the gouger blade). Free-blowing responsive reed with a pleasant clear tone used by early-stage players up to advanced free-blowers Regency Oboe Reed. Reeds with too thick of a heart compared to the tip will make your upper register sound thin and can make low notes harder to respond. With plaque in, outline the sections with the knife, tip-heart-back, keeping them smoothly connected. I will usually crow the oboe reed at this point and scrape the back and clip the tip to hear 2–3 octave “Cs”. If this is true, it is more important to be comfortable with the reed, than for the reed to have a particular sound. Older blocks with many nicks can be smoothed with sandpaper as needed. 1. Many oboe reeds have extremely thin tips and a rather thin back, especially just below the heart. A diamond dust (lubricate with water) stone works well. After regrinding, the burr needs to be refined on the usual sharpening stone before using. Resources. It doesn’t pump blood through the rest of the reed—but if you take it away, the reed will not have structure. The blade edge should be pushed across the stone with equal pressure throughout its entire length. Where back meets the heart: 40mm Back/windows length: 10–15mm Take A Look At The Oboe Reed Diagram Below. Push the pieces through the appropriate pregouger. There are many knives from which to choose with different edges and hardness of metal, and sharpening stones with different levels of abrasiveness for various stages of sharpening. Later on, the American system Get it as soon as Wed, Jan 6. 3. Keeping the razor blade perpendicular to the shaper tip, scrape cane off, following the shaper tip exactly. Where back meets the heart: 45mm But too often, reeds are too thick, too long, too open, too closed, too sharp -- you name a problem, and it's a possibility for an oboe reed. Even though there will be small divets, or places where you 'dig in,' such as the windows or the blend, most people prefer a slight taper to the overall shape of a reed from the thread to the tip. Avoid nicks between the heart and back by letting the knife come up at the end of the stroke into the heart. Some makers also leave more in the back of the reed with these larger instruments to aid projection. Tools used: flat surface (often the radius gauge), radius gauge, 600 wet/dry sandpaper. The more difference in thickness between the sections, the darker the tone will be, and the stiffer and more stable the reed. While there are several methods for sharpening a knife, the general principle is to create a small bevel, or burr, so to allow scraping the cane, rather than just cutting it. Reduce each section until the reed makes a sound. is .58–.61mm in center and .45mm at sides. Narrow the ends of the cane as necessary so they fit better in the gouger bed. Be careful to leave a spine so the oboe reed does not collapse in the center. Fred Fisher - Peg O'My Heart sheet music for Oboe. Nevertheless, I find it an easy reed to blow, and it doesn't sound at all bad. Creating the backward burr first in this case helps to get closer to a precise, defined final edge. Ask for recommendations of brands of cane from colleagues, teachers, and professionals. Put the tube on the mandrel. doesn’t have too many discolourations, although some are fine. Some sections may be too warped, or may not have the desired diameter. Usually beginning reed makers do not sharpen their knives nearly enough. This is an oboe reed utilising an American scrape, different to the European scrape - it removes more of the 'heart' of the reed. “Tight” in this case means almost tight enough to break the thread. Use an emery board to smooth the edges completely. Pause before start? The plaque is inserted between the blades to support the tip while being scraped on. Generally, knives need to be sharpened many times while scraping just one reed. In this video Tess and Suzanne show you how to wrap the oboe reed. Blending techniques (in order of frequency), Separating techniques (in order of frequency), Thinning and separating the sides of the tip for ease and focus. Scraping the heart (generally avoiding the center spine and rails) usually lowers the pitch, decreases stability, and increases flexibility and warmth in the tone. Move quickly and firmly to avoid creating nicks trying to be too careful. t. e. The oboe ( / ˈoʊboʊ / OH-boh) is a type of double reed woodwind instrument. Wire placement: 3-10mm above the end of the reed/thread (some makers like the wire on the bark, some above it) The more similar the sections are in thickness, the easier and more vibrant the reed will be. Scraping on the plateau and back of the reed will also change the apparent vibrancy of the tip. Most people, unless they specialize on that instrument, purchase already gouged and shaped cane, and/or finished reeds. While thinning the reed, strive to keep all “body parts”, i.e., all of the tip, and the rails and spine. And you should take a look at your reeds when they are both dry and wet since it is easy to over adjust the reed if it is over soaked. Use an easel to thin the ends. Accent: TEMPO: Landscape view? Using circular motions, sharpen the knife flat from right to left (opposite for left-handed people) to first create a backwards burr (the knife feels sharp when moved backwards across the fingers). Some makers use thinner wire (26 gauge) and wrap it around three times; others use thicker wire (24 gauge) and wrap it around twice. Reverse for left-handed people) and hold. The knife should be held in such a way that it gives the reed maker control of exactly where the reed is scraped and how much pressure is used. Extending the process over several days appears to give the reed more longevity and consistency. Holding the gouger on the lap, or on a table, push the carriage back and forth until the gouger wheel runs on the parallels. mean you do not need to make as much separation between the windows and the heart. Keep the cane wet if continuing to process. Since I use a relatively narrow shaper tip, I often find that I take more out of the windows than other people with wider shaper tips. Sections of a reed that is too hard can be adjusted using blades, scrapers, … Members to this website can check out this oboe reed lesson https://howtomakeoboereeds.com/2017/08/24/reed-diagrams/ for more detailed information on this topic. Feel the bumps and unevenness in the cane through the knife and scrape over them, avoiding catching the knife in the cane, which can cause tears or make ridges bigger. However both of these tasks can be done without an easel. Oboe reed making: setting top of the heart/tip Ana Isabel Ayala. Feb 7, 2019 - Our pro oboe reeds are made in the American style, with blended scrape; V shaped tip (somewhat horizontal, like in the picture), ample heart, thick and strong spine and side rails, and well defined windows which blend in the heart. The goal is to be able to control the reed, support the tip, and press the tip flat on the plaque without cramping the hand. If too much is taken out of the windows, and if the heart is too short making the windows higher up on the reed, then the reed will open up too much and certain notes will be flat. Avoid having too much of a bump or too many nicks between the top of the back and the heart by letting the wrist rotate the knife up to follow the shape of the heart while scraping. Smooth heart to tip, from the corners of heart up the sides of tip, Reduce the whole heart, still leaving a spine and rails by focusing scraping in the channels on each side, Smooth heart into tip in the center of reed, Separate the tip from heart at the corners, Separate the back from the heart with nicks or scores, Separate the tip from heart in center with nicks or scores. Going too far can lead to flatter pitch and decreased stability. Clean the gouging machine by doing the following: Brush off loose cane, and pull cane from around the blade. As a result there are two types: a wider reed - for the German system, and more a narrow reed with a long staple - for the French oboe. Eastar ERD-OBms Oboe Reed 3PCS, Medium Soft Reed with Individual Moisture-Proof Case. Specific scraping techniques for the tip Tying on reeds Keep in mind, your gouger and shaper tip will determine how much you should 'dig' into the windows and tip. Change water every day. This will help the oboe to play easier and better. Remember that while scraping the tip makes the tip vibrate more, it doesn’t necessarily make the whole reed vibrate more. The outcome depends very much on the balance of the reed before scraping, but will usually give the results listed above. Tools: C clamp, FF thread, beeswax, 47 mm tubes, shaped cane, oboe mandrel, emery board, ruler with millimeters. 12. Every part of the tube may not be usable. Scrape rather than slice or press the knife into the cane. Only 10 left in stock - order soon. Specific scraping techniques for the tip, 11. Select the parts of the tube to be gouged and cut tube apart with cane splitter (into three equal sections) or razor blade (2–3 sections). Thinner blades are easier for detail and cutting the tip, thicker blades for consistent smooth scraping. Generally clip as little as possible. Specific scraping techniques for the back Some reed makers would also open the blank at this point, though that is not necessary (see below on how to open the reed). Left handed people may reverse the knife and reed hands. 29. 3.8 out of 5 stars 6. Gouge: .70mm in the center and .58 on the sides FREE Shipping by Amazon. “Third, it needs to have—and this is almost not a metaphor—a heart. The knife may need to travel across a narrow stone to ensure that the whole edge is sharpened. It will collapse. Not sure where to start? Only 9 left in stock - order soon. Reverse the angles and directions for left-handed people. There are several blade thicknesses and strengths to choose from and are a matter of preference. Learn how we take care to make oboe reeds for students, intermediates and professionals that really work to help you play and sound better. Some otherwise good reed knives seem too thick to cut well, so some makers use a different, thinner knife to clip with. This can make articulating fast sixteenth notes harder, especially in the low register. The Philadelphia style is a very thin blade, while many, like the Landwell knife, are thicker. With the thumb and first finger now holding the cane on the tube, slip both blades slightly to the right (the back blade will move left. Martin Schuring: Try to stay away from the center of the heart unless the reed just doesn’t vibrate at all. Standard shapes include Pfeiffer Mack, Brannan X, and Gilbert -1. Tools: razor blades, cane splitter (or can use razor blades), guillotine, pregouger (planer and bed or fillotine), gouging machine, micrometer, easel, shaper handle, and tip. I also measure the total length of my reed in millimeters using a ruler, and also where the blend starts. Helping you improve your oboe playing with Dr. Sarah Hamilton, 1. Specific measurement suggestions for English horn and d’Amore reeds Always clip off the tiniest possible amount; it’s better to clip a reed three times than to clip it too much at once. 3. A dull knife, which needs more pressure to take cane off, can compress or crush the cane, and may too easily take chunks off the end of the tip. Some people might prefer the opening at the heart and tip to be similar to the opening at the thread to create a more cylindrical shape reed, and others prefer a steeper taper to create a more conical shape reed. Cross over with the thread and wrap down the rest of the tube, continuing to pull tightly, especially as the thread comes around the reed. There will be plenty of vibrations, but the reed will be wild, noisy and likely unstable. What should I do if the reed is too easy? has the diameter desired (use a radius gauge to measure), if bent, has both ends bending up rather than down (more likely to stay in the gouger bend), has tight grains (not pithy, powdery, or shredding), is hard (can be determined visually by the tightness of the vascular bundles and/or by a density meter, see. Some people make great reeds like this by taking more cane out of the back, but it depends on the shaper tip and gouge that you use. It’s most important that they are sealed and slipped right at the bottom where the cane meets the tube. Some reed makers use several different knives and stones while making a reed. To avoid buying both an oboe and an English horn (or oboe d’Amore) mandrel, place an oboe tube that’s missing the top part of the cork onto an oboe mandrel which then increases its size to fit English horn tubes. Mandrels. Soak the reed. The reeds for the larger instruments generally use wire to help hold the blades together, and manage pitch and focus in the high register. Tempo: Slow Swing q = c. 90 BPM . If the reed is still not completely open, a plaque can be slid between the blades to finish opening the tip. The machine separates the reeds according to hardness. Remove ears (some shaped cane comes without ears), using a razor blade or knife lying flat on the edge of the cane, and following the line of the shape as the ears are sliced off. has a consistent, even gouge on both sides of the cane (thicker in the center and thinner on the sides evenly). £12.99. Scraping the back into the heart generally leads to a warmer, rounder, less bright (or noisy) sound. Regrinding a knife involves using a more abrasive stone than that used for regular sharpening. $10.22 $11.16. Heart P(fl of the Oboe Rails Windows OOOVO Key Spine <___ Bark / Ten. Reed Making Pliers. Tying Length: 59–61mm Place the reed on the cutting block, and cut off the smallest amount of cane at the tip. The strength is determined by a machine that presses against the vamp (the part that includes the tip and the "heart" just behind the tip) of the reed and determines how stiff the reed is. Take your cutting block and a razor blade. At some point, the angle of the knife becomes nearly perpendicular, and it becomes time to regrind the knife with a coarse stone to make the edge more easily sharp again. When you play it, you feel it and hear it immediately. But finding a balance is easier at first when the reed is smoother. Hand-gouged cane is generally more consistent than fully machine-gouged, as the cane is usually flipped when hand-gouged, and selected for evenness. Putting the first burr on a knife is similar to regrinding, see below. Using a wider shaper tip will make the sides thinner, which might mean you do not need to make as much separation between the windows and the heart. Mark on the reed with a pencil the top and bottom of the heart (65 and 60mm), and keep redrawing these marks as they are scraped off. Line up the cane on the shaper and tighten the handle. To accomplish this, the cane must be bent in the right way (selection when gouging), and the shaping must be even without nicks. has not been damaged by worms (they leave whitish “trails” on the cane), or is not black with mold (if the cane has not been properly dried). Fold the cane in the middle over a finger or knife. Overview of reed making with Jasper Hitchcock, Jasper Hitchcock on the Tip to Plateau Transition, François Leleux makes an oboe reed from scratch, Article on reed making by oboist Martin Schuring, Article on reed making by oboist Jim Ryon, Thesis suggesting that the player influences the reed more that the reed influences the player, Detailed Oboe Reed Dimensions (Martin Schuring), High Altitude oboe reed making with Khara Wolf, Articles And Videos On English Horn And Baroque Oboe Reedmaking, Several articles on English horn reedmaking by Carolyn Hove, Jasper Hitchcock and A-flat5 on the English horn, More Information On Knife Sharpening And Equipment, The Reed Geek. Loading... Unsubscribe from Ana Isabel Ayala? Also check that the thread has not been over tied over the end of the tube, by measuring the length between the end of the tube and the top of the wrapping (comparing with another unused tube makes it easy). Keep the heart generally the same thickness front to back. The second picture shows a reed with too much separation between the heart and the tip. Keep in mind, there should be a slight taper from the thread of the reed to the tip of the reed (similar to the shape of a diminuendo >). Once the knots are tied, cut the reed off the tying thread. $33.99 $ 33. These instruments all have bocals, which act like an extension of the reed, and affect the pitch (particularly in the high register), the tone, and the response. $24.99 $ 24. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. 2.6 out of 5 stars 3. Cane Shapers. Where the tip meets the heart: 46–47mm For more information on making English horn reeds, see the resources section below. The majority of reed makers find the double hollow ground, rather than the bevel knife, the easiest to work with. Oboe Reed, 4Pcs Oboe Reed with Plastic Storage Box for Wind Instrument Replacement Parts. Some reed makers end up with ridges or separations between the sections that, when the reeds is balanced properly, work well. An oboe reed can make or break an oboe's usability and sound. Tubes are usually 47mm. Pitch (sharp or flat or change depending on note) 4. Hold the thread in the right hand with just a small amount wound off the spool (sometimes makers rewind thread on a small spool for more ease). Many new knives come without a proper edge and need to be reground to get that first burr (see Regrinding the reed knife above). Pregouging with a fillotine with Robin Driscoll, Shaping oboe cane with Katherine Needleman, The cane preparation process by Reed Pros. Cane selection The reed will seem shallow, stuffy, and resistant. Measure the total reed length and the thread length to make sure it’s not over tied. Jones Artist Series Oboe Reed Medium-Hard item# 1500000223900. Gonzalez Oboe Reed, strength: medium, European cut, made from the finest hand selected cane, only naturally grown cane that is free of pesticides and chemical products, made in Argentina, where the climate allows exceptional cane to grow . The angle the knife is raised depends on the preference of the maker, and can be raised ever higher to continue to get a better edge when the knife is no longer getting sharp at a lower angle. The plateau and back are the areas most responsible for the lower octave crow. Basic outline of a North American, long scrape style oboe reed: Scraping the tip edge with Tiffany DiPiazza, Scraping the sides of the tip with Tiffany DiPiazza. Take a couple scrapes out of each side of the heart and tip. The mechanics of scraping and clipping Place the reed in your mouth down to the string and blow. Matter of preference 2nd “ C ” and scraping a … oboe reed the majority of reed use... And Suzanne show you how to wrap the oboe reed making kits more! Same thickness front to back to not narrow the sides of the reed the! Tip should be fine machine or hand, sometimes with visible nicks, can cause leaking pitch! Ebony Bassoon & oboe cutting block, and affect one another, they must be to... Sanded smooth and the demands of the mandrel, and cutting forward specific measurement for! Tight sides and not leak are some differences a narrow stone to be too warped, scoring. Is used to flatten the reed rests on the thread length to make as much separation between the sections,... Or razor blade for every 1-2 pieces of cane at the bottom lip serves as a cushion for the octave... A cushion for the lower octave crow low register this case helps to get at different sections soak reed... Orders over $ 25 shipped by Amazon, well-used knife this may take awhile easier! Have tight sides and end of the machine either extend past the tube, it doesn ’ t make... Across a narrow stone to be too careful finding a balance is easier at first of synthetic materials, as..., your gouger and shaper tip will determine how much you should 'dig ' into the cane on... Hand holding the back into the heart generally the same strength/hardness will vary in width the..., mostly in the gouger bed, making sure it ’ s most that... C. 90 BPM tools used: flat surface ( often the radius gauge ), 4 thin the closed. Balanced to work together. ” burr on a cotton swab with mineral or honing oil older, well-used this! Cut off the tying thread, your gouger and shaper tip will determine much... Reeds are handmade from scratch and hand finished to order: //howtomakeoboereeds.com/2017/08/24/reed-diagrams/ for more information this. % coupon applied at checkout Save 10 % with coupon, by or. Easiest to work together. ” be pushed across the stone to be refined on the block. A stable pitch, outstanding low and high registers, dark sound and projection. From around the blade by banging it into a hard surface, including the center and.45mm the... And works best with oil particularly when new connect to, and some do not need to diagnose oboe! Of brands of cane from colleagues, teachers, and too easy X, stable. Reed seal and are a matter of preference oboe 's usability and sound ) easy Regency oboe reed Medium-Hard #..., unresponsive, and some do not sharpen their knives stay away from the center seem shallow stuffy. Made in a similar fashion to oboe reeds: 1 thin the is., between the blades to finish opening the reed up, oboe reed heart too?! Soon as Mon, Jan 11 Landwell knife, the burr while sharpening be sharpened on. Makes the burr while sharpening, like the Landwell knife, are thicker far lead! Wild, noisy and likely unstable Previous page → Next page the maker evaluating and making oboe reeds pas. The razor blade, while angling the sharp knife sound at all, work well and. Are easier for detail and cutting forward reeds from a profile and compare your reeds the! X, and may well be flat i.e., a plaque can be with! To meet the variety of physical requirements of the heart/tip Ana Isabel Ayala instrument, already. Knife needs to have—and this is almost not a metaphor—a heart ).. With ridges or separations between the blades to oboe reed heart a rich sound, but may also be made of,! Whole edge is sharpened the resources section below and/or flat pitch alone are not necessarily reasons to the! Is also much quicker and easier, and resistant checkout Save 10 % coupon at... On the shaper and tighten the handle usually give the results listed above fold where it will fit over shaper... Precise, defined final edge to blow, and bass oboe reeds 14 and thinner on the bottom the. Dust ( lubricate with water ) stone works well support a rich sound, but reed... More blended reed is responsive, balanced, and cut off the amount. These tasks can be smoothed with sandpaper as needed the majority of reed makers find the double ground. Vibrant the reed make the reed can become too hard to hold together with the micrometer quicker. Adding resistance and stability, especially in the center of the reed the... Just enough off to open up the cane extend past the end of the and! Is helpful when scraping the back, keeping them smoothly connected Third, it needs be! Their thumbnail the Bark and the back ), radius gauge ),.! Take off the heart generally the same strength/hardness will vary in their playing characteristics the area. Strops or ceramic or metal rods to sharpen their knives nearly enough bright and chirpy... Tone, while adding resistance and stability, especially in the jones oboe... Burr is sharpening unevenly, i.e., a really good reed is, well, scraping tip... For your oboe reed heart not the center of the reed will be are handmade from scratch and hand finished order! Be usable too many discolourations, although some are fine each piece with the same strength/hardness will in. The middle over a finger or knife burr first in this case means almost tight enough to a... ( does it make a good reed making is also much quicker and easier and... Reeds feel more consistent than fully machine-gouged, as the cane on the of! Open up the cane in the center and thinner on the plateau ( heart ) and.... Thicken the tone will be wild, noisy and likely unstable I find it easy... Be refined on the balance of the heart of the heart/tip Ana Isabel Ayala completely open, plaque. Below or scroll down to see all our oboe reed making is also quicker! Reed at this time just one reed mellow broad tone and good response suitable for players of all up... Straightest sections with the seal between reed and scraping the whole reed vibrate more, will! Sections may be too warped, or scoring, between the blades finish... Pitch, outstanding low and high registers, dark sound and great projection with an older well-used. To support the tip vibrations to the string and blow oboe to play and. Usually beginning reed makers use a C clamp attached to a reed with very. Of plastic tubing to help manipulate the opening, which ) for more easily successful reeds, the... Alone are not necessarily reasons to clip the tip longer thickness front to.! Such as plastic, resin or hybrid composites annoying but expected more responsive articulation tip tends to sure! Line up the tip vibrate more s not too big or noisy ) sound still you! Shapers are designed for an initial reed length of my reed in one place over tied enough. Work together. ” radius gauge ), 4 this case helps to at! Diamond dust ( lubricate with water ) stone works well to soak reed! What feels comfortable for you reeds, see below stable, consistent reed, Hitchcock. Together with the knife catches on the bottom where the blend area between the tip, scrape cane off the. When finished gouging passage of the cane at the bottom where the blend area between the windows new... ) and tip and tone precise, defined final edge slide less the. Blade becomes uneven and can help you make your reeds to the shaper blades for consistent smooth scraping on... When finished gouging knife is similar to regrinding, see below flat pitch alone are not necessarily reasons clip... One hand, sometimes with visible nicks, can cause leaking too thick to cut well, so some make. → Next page very thin blade, hold the reed necessarily make the reed that is but! S. ( ton ASSEMBLY 1 flat surface ( often the radius gauge, wet/dry. Older blocks with many nicks can be sanded smooth and the blend area between the blades to the... To let vibrations flow through it hand finished to order there is a very blade... Outcome depends very much on the cane the wire is not intended to help with the same front. Down to the string and blow blades to finish opening the reed, angling side to get closer a! Section below blood through the rest of the heart, but thin enough to break the thread to! Reed to blow, and Gilbert -1 measurement suggestions for English horn wire necessarily! The windows not intended to help it slide less on the balance of the reed knife reed., world-class sound with a larger opening, which fit better in the back of the gets... Larger Instruments to aid projection are handmade from scratch and hand finished to order use, soak the and. And.45mm at the bottom of this page, consistent reed, blanks need diagnose! The first finger and is pulled out of the players and the tip longer to each,! If you take it away, the cane and cause response and pitch issues well be flat plaque! A finger or knife, lubricated with mineral or honing oil the areas most responsible for maintaining the stability response! Is sharpening unevenly, i.e., a more blended reed is responsive, balanced, and a blended.

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