Transformational Leadership Theory. There are many leadership styles that managers can employ and their impact varies based on the group they are leading and the industry they are in. This theory often identifies behavioural characteristics. They focus on the traits and behaviors that people can adopt to increase their leadership capabilities. They encourage employees to be open and honest about their thoughts. The real boom in leadership theories started in the 20 th century, when more focus began pouring in to solving the great mysteries of effective and good leadership. As proposed by the Trait Theory, effective leadership depends on the traits that one possesses. External factors may include the customer feelings and the marketplace. Researchers operated under the basic premise that different situations require different leadership styles (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, 2008). © 2021 Western Governors University – WGU. The theories of leadership are the studies and views of experts, scholars, and researchers that describe the aspects that make a great leader. #Contingency Theory 12. It enables people to understand the needs and motivations of those around them, which helps strengthen their overall influence. Science Education (Secondary Chemistry) – M.A. Several leadership theories have emerged over the past suggesting practical applications of leadership and its concept. Leadership refers to the process of influencing the behaviour of people in a manner that they strive willingly and enthusiastically towards the achievement of group objectives. If there’s a problem with a team, a task-oriented leader will look at the process to see if something needs to be adjusted with the workflow. Transformational Leadership Theory: The transformational theory states that a leader is effective only if he can transform or change the perceptions, behaviour and expectations of the followers and direct them towards a common goal which will lead to the accomplishment of the leader’s vision. She works to help this employee understand how they fit within the organization, encourage them to be open about questions and problems, and create a positive working relationship. Age-old theories of leadership, known as great man theory or charismatic leadership theory, have been discarded long back by behavioural scientists. The Trait Theory is very similar to the Great Man Theory. During that period of time, any practice of personality measurement was still immature. Ambition 4. Share. After its proposal in the mid-1800s by Thomas Carlyle, trait theory (or the “great man” theory) of leadership served as one of the most widespread ideas on what makes a great leader. It is the oldest theory of leadership. The important theories of leadership are discussed below: Trait Theory of Leadership: Trait theory of leadership highlights the personality traits of a successful leader. Find out more about scholarships for new students. Schools of thought explaining how and why certain individuals become leaders, Leadership traits refer to personal qualities that define effective leaders. I could name countless examples of why this seems ridiculous. Science Education (Secondary Physics) – B.S. Leading by example helps other people see what lies, Certified Banking & Credit Analyst (CBCA)®, Capital Markets & Securities Analyst (CMSA)®, Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)™, Financial Modeling and Valuation Analyst (FMVA)®, Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)®. Transactional Leadership Theory - and Its Cousins, the Simplified Management Theories Transactional Analysis (by Eric Berne who died 1970) is: a) a theory of personality, b) a systematic psychotherapy and c) a theory of communication. Leadership theories are the explanations of how and why certain people become leaders. Transactional rewards and punishments are given based on the idea that people really only do things for the reward. Leadership theories are schools of thought brought forward to explain how and why certain individuals become leaders. A compelling word that captures the dynamism, vision and power of the man behind the title. Transformational leadership is an important psychological perspective for leaders to study and understand if they want to really influence and impact others. Whatever behaviors you choose, the behavioral leadership theory helps leaders focus on their actions and utilize their decisions to be a great leader. leadership and play a part in its development. In many ways, this is an adaptable approach to leadership because it contains both directive and supportive dimensions. These traits include drive, integrity, tenacity, empathy and self-confidence, to give a few examples. In Behavioral Theory, the focus is on the specific behaviors and actions of leaders rather than their traits or characteristics. Defining and explaining leadership, its theories and controversies is a monumental task. Trait Theory of Leadership: In the 1940s, most early leadership studies concentrated on trying to determine the traits of a leader. In this theory, everyone is very involved with decisions for the team and organization, with the leader simply helping direct the charge. Application … They are often mentors for employees, scheduling time to talk to them and working to meet their needs. Depending on a company’s goals and the industry. This theory is not without criticism however—some suggest that this type of style makes leaders appear weak or unnecessary. Behavioural Theory In contrast with trait theory, behavioural theoryattempts to describe leadership in terms of what leadersdo, while trait theory seeks to explain leadership on thebasis of what leaders are. Nursing – Education (RN-to-MSN Program) – M.S. Different leadership theories address to create stronger and more effective leadership, helping followers become encouraged to be leaders themselves. Leadership styles were formally developed as a result of studies on leadership theory, and each style includes distinct qualities.Common leadership styles include: What is a growth mindset? Another great benefit of this leadership style is that it suggests anyone is capable of becoming a leader. 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