Since a single thread is too fine and fragile for commercial use, anywhere from three to ten strands are spun together to form a single thread of silk. Correct answer is option 'C'. Other Italian cities involved in silk production were Genoa, Venice and Florence. The pupae are killed by either dipping them in boiling water before the adult moths emerge or by piercing them with a needle. In Vietnamese legend, silk appeared in the first millennium AD and is still being woven today. Solution: (a) False, Silk is a animal fibre which is obtained from silkworm. The Silk Exchange in Valencia from the 15th century—where previously in 1348 also perxal (percale) was traded as some kind of silk—illustrates the power and wealth of one of the great Mediterranean mercantile cities. In the Odyssey, 19.233, when Odysseus, while pretending to be someone else, is questioned by Penelope about her husband's clothing, he says that he wore a shirt "gleaming like the skin of a dried onion" (varies with translations, literal translation here) which could refer to the lustrous quality of silk fabric. Hill (2009). The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. Biocompatibility, i.e., to what level the silk will cause an immune response, is a critical issue for biomaterials. Which fibre yielding plant should be grown in a field having black soil and warm climate? Silk is obtained from silkworms. It is a bast fibre, obtained from the â¦ It is also obtained from the hair of rabbits, yak and camels. (g) Polyester is a natural fibre.  Following the destructive Mill River Flood of 1874, one manufacturer, William Skinner, relocated his mill from Williamsburg to the then-new city of Holyoke. By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and Question 7: From which part of the plant jute and cotton are obtained? , Silk fibers from the Bombyx mori silkworm have a triangular cross section with rounded corners, 5–10 μm wide. Thus, the removal of sericin is an essential step to assure biocompatibility in biomaterial applications of silk. In woven silk, the fibre's triangular structure acts as a prism that refracts light, giving silk cloth its highly prized "natural shimmer". Two glands produce liquid silk and force it through openings in the head called spinnerets. wool, silk; Fibre to Fabric â Question: From which part of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? 14) Sisal fibre: Sisal fibre refers to a natural fibre obtained from the Sisal plant. Enzymes are the means used to achieve degradation of silk in vitro. Even though silk sutures serve well, they exist and interact within a limited period depending on the recovery of wounds (several weeks), much shorter than that in tissue engineering. It can be weakened if exposed to too much sunlight. Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. Hydrogen bonds form between chains, and side chains form above and below the plane of the hydrogen bond network. Q.1) Which one of the following is not a natural fibre  showed the in vivo degradation of silk via aqueous 3-D scaffolds implanted into Lewis rats. d. Silk; Explanation. This trade was so extensive that the major set of trade routes between Europe and Asia came to be known as the Silk Road. , The Rajshahi Division of northern Bangladesh is the hub of the country's silk industry. Silk fibre is obtained at which of the following stage of its life cycle? Fibroin is made up of the amino acids Gly-Ser-Gly-Ala-Gly-Ala and forms beta pleated sheets. Why are plant fibres losing their importance? Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. Explain the process of making yarn from fiber. (C) False : Jute is obtained from jute plant (Corchorus). It yields a stiff fibre used in making rope and various other products. Many religious jurists believe the reasoning behind the prohibition lies in avoiding clothing for men that can be considered feminine or extravagant.  Silk is mainly produced by the larvae of insects undergoing complete metamorphosis, but some insects, such as webspinners and raspy crickets, produce silk throughout their lives. , Silk moths lay eggs on specially prepared paper. From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? In fact, different levels of immune responses and diseases have been triggered by the degraded products of silk fibroin. Its elasticity is moderate to poor: if elongated even a small amount, it remains stretched. Synthetic silks have also been made from lyocell, a type of cellulose fiber, and are often difficult to distinguish from real silk (see spider silk for more on synthetic silks). Answer: Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, called cotton balls. Sisal (/ Ë s aÉª s Él /, Spanish: ), with the botanical name Agave sisalana, is a species of flowering plant native to southern Mexico but widely cultivated and naturalized in many other countries. Most production is after the rice harvest in the southern and northeastern parts of the country. A life cycle assessment of Indian silk production shows that the production process has a large carbon and water footprint, mainly due to the fact that it is an animal-derived fiber and more inputs such as fertilizer and water are needed per unit of fiber produced. :104 The major silk producers are China (54%) and India (14%). Indeed, silk fibers have found their way into tendon tissue engineering, where mechanical properties matter greatly.  Thus, the only way to obtain silk suitable for spinning into textiles in areas where commercial silks are not cultivated was by tedious and labor-intensive carding. (c) Silk saree (d) Nylon scarf Solution: (a): Jute Bag. It was known as Ganges silk in medieval Europe. India is also the largest consumer of silk in the world. It has a good moisture regain of 11%. (b) Jute is obtained from the leaves of a plant. The addition of alanine and serine makes the fibres strong and resistant to breaking. In addition, gamma-radiation, as well as cell metabolism, can also regulate the degradation of silk. Jute is the outer covering of coconut. It is known as Resham in eastern and north India, and Pattu in southern parts of India. Answer: Wool can be obtained from other animals such as camels, goats, yaks and rabbits. It has good absorbency, low conductivity and dyes easily. What is oil lamps wick made of? Question bank for Class 7. Jute is a natural plant fibre which is long, soft, shiny that can be spun into coarse strong threads. Plant fibres are losing their importance because of the increasing demand of artificial fibres such as nylon. These fibres are light and fluffy. Name two items that are made from coconut fiber. Coir, seed-hair fibre obtained from the outer shell, or husk, of the coconut, the fruit of Cocos nucifera, a tropical plant of the Arecaceae family. King James I introduced silk-growing to the British colonies in America around 1619, ostensibly to discourage tobacco planting. Legend has it that monks working for the emperor Justinian I smuggled silkworm eggs to Constantinople in hollow canes from China.  The flat surfaces of the fibrils reflect light at many angles, giving silk a natural sheen. f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant g) Polyester is a natural fibre. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. Ans : Fibres that are obtained from nature, i.e., from plants and animals are called natural fibres and those made by humans by chemical methods are known as synthetic fibres. (D) True (E) True (F) False : Silk fibre is obtained from silkworm (animal). vrasmi42. A straw frame is placed over the tray of caterpillars, and each caterpillar begins spinning a cocoon by moving its head in a pattern.  Other statistics:, Production in Int $1000 have been calculated based on 1999–2001 international prices Since the 15th century, silk production in France has been centered around the city of Lyon where many mechanic tools for mass production were first introduced in the 17th century. The cocoons are soaked and the silk is wound on spools. Spinning is done manually as â¦ , In the ancient era, silk from China was the most lucrative and sought-after luxury item traded across the Eurasian continent, and many civilizations, such as the ancient Persians, benefited economically from trade.. The Shakers in Kentucky adopted the practice. The difference is that hand-reeled threads produce three grades of silk: two fine grades that are ideal for lightweight fabrics, and a thick grade for heavier material. EduRev is a knowledge-sharing community that depends on everyone being able to pitch in when they know something. Wool is obtained from the fleece of sheep or goat. In England in the mid-20th century, raw silk was produced at Lullingstone Castle in Kent. JUTE KNOWN AS THE GOLDEN PLANT JUTE IS GROWN IN PLACES HAVING HUMIDITY AND IS BEST GROWN IN ALLUVIAL SOIL.  The silk trade reached as far as the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, Europe, and North Africa. Fabrics that are often made from silk include charmeuse, habutai, chiffon, taffeta, crepe de chine, dupioni, noil, tussah, and shantung, among others. Recent archaeological discoveries in Harappa and Chanhu-daro suggest that sericulture, employing wild silk threads from native silkworm species, existed in South Asia during the time of the Indus Valley Civilization (now in Pakistan) dating between 2450 BC and 2000 BC, while "hard and fast evidence" for silk production in China dates back to around 2570 BC. The issue arose during its increasing clinical use. Cotton and jute are examples of fibres obtained from plants. Silk fibre is obtained from silk worms. Wool, cotton, silk and jute are natural fibre. The fibroin-heavy chain is composed mostly of beta-sheets, due to a 59-mer amino acid repeat sequence with some variations. Silk is one of the strongest natural fibers, but it loses up to 20% of its strength when wet. Twig frames for the silkworms are prepared. Most products fabricated from regenerated silk are weak and brittle, with only ≈1–2% of the mechanical strength of native silk fibers due to the absence of appropriate secondary and hierarchical structure. Such fibres, usually characterized by fineness and flexibility, are also known as âsoftâ fibres, distinguishing them from the coarser, less flexible fibres of the leaf, or âhard,â fibreâ¦ What is fabric? Which of the following devices was popularized by Mahatma Gandhi as a part of the independence movement? Cotton; b. Coir; c. Jute; d. Silk; Answer. In the past 30 years, it has been widely studied and used as a biomaterial due to its mechanical strength, biocompatibility, tunable degradation rate, ease to load cellular growth factors (for example, BMP-2), and its ability to be processed into several other formats such as films, gels, particles, and scaffolds. obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Silk was in great demand, and became a staple of pre-industrial international trade. Q7. This impressive mechanical strength has made silk fibroin very competitive for applications in biomaterials. (f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. Ans: Jute is obtained from stem and cotton is obtained from cotton bolls which are directly from surface of cotton seeds. Silk is considered to be a symbol of royalty, and, historically, silk was used primarily by the upper classes. From which part of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? Most regions of Thailand have their own typical silks. , Silk had many industrial and commercial uses, such as in parachutes, bicycle tires, comforter filling and artillery gunpowder bags. It is yellowed by perspiration.  Other efforts later in the 19th century would also bring the new silk industry to Paterson, New Jersey, with several firms hiring European-born textile workers and granting it the nickname "Silk City" as another major center of production in the United States. This process has also recently led to the introduction of specialist silk underclothing, which has been used for skin conditions including eczema. They have been reared since ancient times similar to other East and South-East Asian countries. Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, and Gobichettipalayam, Tamil Nadu, were the first locations to have automated silk reeling units in India.. Bave diameters for tussah silk can reach 65 μm. , In Tamil Nadu, mulberry cultivation is concentrated in the Coimbatore, Erode, Bhagalpuri, Tiruppur, Salem and Dharmapuri districts. (g) Polyester is a natural fibre. Beginning in the 1830s, Manchester, Connecticut emerged as the early center of the silk industry in America, when the Cheney Brothers became the first in the United States to properly raise silkworms on an industrial scale; today the Cheney Brothers Historic District showcases their former mills.  Silk production also occurs in hymenoptera (bees, wasps, and ants), silverfish, mayflies, thrips, leafhoppers, beetles, lacewings, fleas, flies, and midges. Hemp Another important plant fibre is hemp. Jan 07,2021 - Silk fibres are obtained from silkworms. Silk fibre is obtained at which of the following stage of its life cycle?a)b)c)d)Correct answer is option 'C'. Silk fibre is obtained at which of the following stage of its life cycle?a)b)c)d)Correct answer is option 'C'. Question 4: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? Q5. 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